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Hemp, pot not same substance

Photo illustration by Jubenal Aguilar | Although hemp and marijuana are in the same genus of plants, they have different levels of active chemicals.

By Dr. Dank
Cannabis Columnist

If a person holds a nug of their favorite marijuana strain in one hand and a nug of hemp flower in the other, they probably couldn’t tell the two apart. Marijuana buds and hemp flower come from the same type of plant – cannabis. But there are very distinct differences between the two.

Marijuana plants contain higher concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, the active chemical that gives users a high. Hemp plants, on the other hand, have higher levels of cannabidiol, or CBD, a non-psychoactive chemical in cannabis that reportedly relaxes users, according to the World Health Organization.

“In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential,” according to WHO. To date, there is no evidence of public health-related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.

We could call them fraternal twins or brother and sister, but the public should understand they are not the same based on the levels of their chemical compounds.

CBD is found in marijuana and hemp and can be extracted from both. But extracting CBD from marijuana plants can affect the legality of its use depending on the state. Even though hemp contains CBD, the plant also has minimal traces of THC. This is because all cannabis plants, marijuana or hemp, contain CBD and THC, according to WHO.

Marijuana buds and hemp flower look and smell the same, so if the police take you to jail because your hemp made your car smell like weed, don’t be surprised.

According to the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, on March 15 police officers confiscated over 30 pounds of what they believed was marijuana from a smoke shop in Duncanville. The owners’ attorney said, “If they don’t know the difference between CBD and marijuana they need to study more,” according to the Star-Telegram.

In 2015, low-THC cannabis became legal in the state under the Texas Compassionate Use Act, according to The Texas Tribune. However, the law only allows epilepsy patients to use this cannabis with a doctor’s prescription and only after conventional medication has been ineffective.

According to the federal farm bill, Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, CBD is legal in all 50 states. Companies market and sell CBD-infused products including creams, patches and sprays.

Marijuana plants grow wide with thick branches, broad leaves and dense buds that look like clusters of oats. Hemp plants have a thin palm tree-like appearance, with thinner leaves and narrow proportions overall, according to CBD Origin.

Both plants can be grown indoors or outdoors.

Marijuana plants are mostly grown for their THC. Growers focus on increasing the THC content from each harvest by using various farming techniques involving plant food, fertilizer and nutrient-rich water. Hemp farmers look to increase the CBD content of their yields instead.

Marijuana oil, often referred to as wax or shatter, is concentrated THC, and is made by extracting mushroom-shaped trichomes from the plant’s raw material. Although THC levels found in marijuana plants average between 10-30%, the THC content of concentrated marijuana oil can exceed 90%.

CBD oil will not get a user high, but its reported positive effects could be described as magical. You could say it works in a reactionary way. It gets in your body, assesses the problem and combats the issues you’re having. There is a distinction, despite what local authorities might think.

Nicotine arouses brain activity

Photo by Eriana Ruiz | Research suggests nicotine excites areas of the brain, such as the one associated with memory, though tobacco consumption is both harmful and addictive.

By John C. McClanahan
Editor-at-Large

Tobacco consumption, regardless of means – smoking, vaping or chewing raw leaves – is addictive and dangerous. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, smoking alone causes more than 480,000 deaths each year in the U.S. – more deaths than by drug and alcohol use, motor vehicle injuries and firearm-related incidents combined. Continue reading Nicotine arouses brain activity

Pedophile priests belong behind bars

Illustration by Susan Edgley | As child sex abuse cases from the Roman Catholic Church continue to break news, some wonder if churches are safe for their children.

By Thao Nguyen
Web Editor

In 2015, the movie “Spotlight” redirected media attention to the decades-long controversy of sexual abuse taking place in the Roman Catholic Church. Many abuse cases have surfaced over the past few decades, but did not get enough attention from the public to make news. Continue reading Pedophile priests belong behind bars

Admissions bribery is reprehensible

Illustration by Susan Edgley | Parents allegedly involved in the recent college admissions scandal paid their children’s way into top-level universities that others had to work to attend.

By Susan Edgley
Art Director/ Layout Editor

The college admissions scandal, in which parents allegedly paid millions of dollars to get their children into college through an illegal back door, is appalling. On March 12, William “Rick” Singer, a former Brookhaven College student and the mastermind of the scheme in which bribes were funneled to college coaches and test administrators, pleaded guilty to racketeering, money laundering, tax evasion and obstruction of justice. Federal authorities indicted 50 people, including 33 parents, who allegedly participated in the scam. Continue reading Admissions bribery is reprehensible

Courier wins awards

Photo courtesy of The Courier | The Brookhaven Courier editors and adviser pose for a group photo after winning 34 awards at the 2019 Texas Intercollegiate Press Association convention March 13-16 in Corpus Christi, Texas.

By John David Higgs
Contributing Writer

The Brookhaven Courier editors and staff brought home 34 awards from the annual Texas Intercollegiate Press Association convention. Staff spent three days of their spring break in Corpus Christi, Texas, participating in on-site contests, workshops, critiques and roundtables March 13-16. Continue reading Courier wins awards

Alumnus pleads guilty in bribery scandal

Photo illustration by Jubenal Aguilar | Nearly 40 years ago, The Courier featured William “Rick” Singer in an article. Now, the former Brookhaven College student has pleaded guilty to crimes involving money laundering, racketeering and fraud.

By John C. McClanahan
Editor-at-Large

On March 12, former Brookhaven College student William “Rick” Singer, 59, stood in front of a judge inside a courthouse in Boston and  pleaded guilty to counts of conspiracy to commit racketeering, conspiracy to commit money laundering, conspiracy to defraud the U.S. government and obstruction of justice. Continue reading Alumnus pleads guilty in bribery scandal

Students seek housing

Photo illustration by Jubenal Aguilar | With 12% of community college students homeless in 2018, some Dallas County Community College District students may use their cars as housing.

By Stephanie Salas-Vega
Arts & Culture Editor

It is the first day of spring, and Brandon, a Brookhaven College student, spends his day preparing for an upcoming showcase. He jitters anxiously around a room at school and files projects inside clear sheet protectors. He tries to keep his supplies organized, but when he opens his bag, he sometimes finds a toothbrush or shampoo. Continue reading Students seek housing

Artists talk about circus, life

Photo by Rosa Poetschke | Gabriella Argento (right) and Thiago Andreuccetti are the two clowns of Cirque du Soleil’s “Amaluna” show.

By Jubenal Aguilar
Editor-in-Chief
CourierEIC@dcccd.edu

The circular stage under the Grand Chapiteau went dark. The rock music silenced.
A single spotlight illuminated a woman – Maïnha – in a floral-pattern dress standing among the audience as romantic music set the mood.
She murmured to herself and then talked in an unknown language to the audience. Continue reading Artists talk about circus, life